Research and feasibility studies completed

Investigation towards methodical endorsement pays off

The U.S. expects continued tourism growth from international markets.

The U.S. Dept. of Commerce projects international travel to the United States will continue experiencing strong growth based on the Office of Travel & Tourism Industries' Travel Forecast.

According to the current forecast, the United States would see 3.7 percent to 4.2 percent annual growth rates in visitor volume over the 2013-2018 timeframe. By 2018 this growth would produce 84.6 million visitors, a 26 percent increase and 17.6 million additional visitors compared to 2012. The latest forecast reduces the compound annual growth rate over the forecast period from 4.2 percent to 4.0 percent.

For more information on the OTTI Travel Forecast, including data tables for the world regions, data tables for the top 40 visitor origin countries, and justification for each country forecast, including positive and negative factors that might influence travel from each country to the United States, click here.  Travel and tourism is the largest services export industry for the United States and has produced a trade surplus since 1989.

Detailed research, feasibility and reports conducted and available for review:

  • Ordered, accompanying ARWLHC Proposed Target Audience written report.
  • Prepared S.W.O.T. Analysis Study completed, November, 2009 - 2019 for the ARWLHC.
  • Integrated Marketing Communications Report for 2010+.
  • Study published and evaluated for 2010 - 2020. ARWLHC Brand Study.
  • The ARWLHC Corporate & Marketing Objectives, Strategies and Tactics into 2030.
  • Annualized Strategic Marketing Budget for the ARWLHC in Excel review.
  • Annualized Strategic Marketing Budget for the ARWLHC proposal snapshot.
  • Cluster Feasibility Study released by Harvard supporting our application studies.
  • Six-year Feasibility Study completed, December 2009, by Tourism Development International
  • Supporting quantification of our Indian camps, Indian historic centers and Indian presentations.
  • Crafting a New Rural Development Strategy - an important element of our success.
  • Elements of Stakeholder Support for Tourism in Rural Communities - new ideas.
  • Land for Tomorrow Green Book of Conservation - how we will preserve and conserve.
  • North Carolina Cluster Resources Report.
  • North & South Carolina Revolutionary War Brochure - the full sized brochure we hand out.
  • Small Business Incubation Fact Sheet - crucial to starting and helping local folk succeed.
  • 2010 - 2020 Mongiello Associates Strategic Marketing study of Horse and Farm Operations,
  • Proposal and Analysis in Cherokee and Cleveland Counties
  • 2011 Nathaniel Greene Grille and John Adams Tavern Club Members Review
  • ARWLHC African American Marketing Stratagem

Land use planning, map of the park and business items:

  • Letter of Interest from third parties
  • Listing of our Board of Advisors and Trustees.
  • Board of Advisors and Trustees By-laws.
  • Land use, planning and theme park sample design blueprint
  • Join us on Facebook for daily updates, news from events and actor videos.


Private business owners can meet with our incubation and Small Business Funding Team for SBA 7A, Patriot Express Loans (limited), USDA and SBA 504 loans (limited to seven million). Angel investment is limited to 50k per husband and 50k per wife, per annum.

Gifts of appreciated securities to our IRS certified non-profit status for the Colonel Cleaveland Museum, Chapel by the Woods and Colonel Cleaveland Demonstration Area avoid the capitol gains tax on the appreciation while providing a terrific tax deduction. Bequests reduce your estate tax for your heirs and provide a legacy in remembering the Museum, farm or Chapel by the Woods in your will. Gifts of life insurance, real estate, retirement accounts can also occur to help us create a legacy in your name or desire.

Home owners are encouraged to build your small business or private log house in our new world.

Updated reports on painting project of local leaders and family:  In 2010 the ARWLHC boldly announced it would pursue a goal of showcasing 30 assorted leaders from the local area.  Specifically, leaders at the famed local battles who have never been seen in modern history due to the facts of not being drawn, painted or any bust or statue ever having been made of them.  Forensic and historic investigative techniques were employed with research and assistance by many including Michael Scoggins of the York County Museum system.  By 2013, four paintings were completed of Colonel Frederick Hambright, Colonel Benjamin Cleaveland (later Cleveland), Private Ishmael Titus and Colonel Andrew Hampton.  In 2017, Captain Redhead was unveiled of the Catawba Nation and Blackpowder Expert Mary Patton was announced in 2018. Moving into 2019 and 2020, Susan Twitty, Teenage Female Heroine was submitted for a cast medal and painting commissioning. For 2020 through 2022, Sally New River has been announced to be painted from the Catawba Nation of SHEROES.

The ARWLHC membership of 8,000+ people is continually requested to advise on who should be next.  All copyright and reservations are strictly controlled and owned by Martin CJ Mongiello and the ARWLHC.  No reproduction or public display is authorized.  Note card sets are sold online and in our gift shops on site with all funds going towards the ARWLHC projects.  You may also tour the official Schafer Gallery (named after Mr. Mongiello's Prussian family line) where all paintings hang.  Guided tours are held daily at 9:30 am, Thursday through Sunday.

Colonel Frederick Hambright


Colonel Frederick Hambright of Prussia, Lancaster, PA, Virginia and Philadelphia, PA (he settled near the King family settlement close to King's Creek, King's Mountain and Hambright Gap).  

A special thanks to Larry Patrick for the dozens of family photos, tinplates, stereo paltes and daguerrotypes studied.  

Additional family male members participated in the region and accepted being studied by the artist for almost one year.

Specific attributes were noted of the male family members including a sunken chin and Roman nose.  

Since the Colonel was a warrior in the woods and countryside he is featured weather-beaten and of such conditions would arrive upon a person of his repute keeping note of two streets named Hambright in the Charlotte metrolina region and Hambright Gap between the mountains on the King's Mountain range and King's Settlement by King's Creek.  

The City of King's Mountain (after 1905 spelled Kings Mountain on most maps and by the USPS who had complained about the apostrophe).  The city is actually named after the King family - inadvertently, after being renamed from White Plains when incorporated in 1874.  

The NC city is often confused by visitors for the actual KINGS MOUNTAIN National Park.

Extensive coverage of this first painting was shot and covered by the Kings Mountain Herald.

The project for this painting and entire 30 set series was originally submitted by Martin CJ Mongiello to the Art Institute of Pittsburgh, PA and can be reviewed as a slide presentation.

The artist followed suit in his selection of desired Military Uniform Standards requird by law for any veteran that has ever served in America.

First professional painting completed in world history.

Colonel Benjamin Cleaveland


Colonel Benjamin Cleaveland (later Cleveland but actually spelled his name five different ways on five different occasions in the NC records).  

Numerous living family members were studied by the artist, photographs of descendants and help received from Robert Rose and Jennifer Cleveland.

Of particular note was that most living family members of the male side still hold Benjamin for a middle name and of course, Cleveland as a last name.

A great controversy began about the artist painting the Colonel heavy (as he was a heavy man) and in a blue coat with buff colored vest. Additionally, the ARWLHC received a little smashing over the artist's request in all kindness asking for additional input and help from any experts - no reply was ever provided, just negativity and anger expressed over the ARWLHC completing the first ever painting.  

When Don Troiani followed suit and released his great and epic painting of the Colonel in full scale showing a dark blue, "Sunday Best," jacket - the former critics were embarrassed and silenced.

The artist followed suit in his selection of desired Military Uniform Standards requird by law for any veteran that has ever served in America.

This was the first professional painting and research ever completed in world history of Colonel Benjamin Cleveland.

Besides news coverage of him and ancestors visiting the King's Mountain Gallery of Heroes there is additional family information with a recipe at The Charlotte Examiner.

Private Ishmael Titus


Black hero of many battles including Camden, King's Mountain and more, Ishmael Titus recently had his record over-turned and corrected by Michael Scoggins of the York County Museum and The Southern Revolutionary War Institute. Private Titus became the third painting completed in late 2012 and unveiled at the Daughters of the American Revolution 2012 Constitution Day ceremonies, held on the Cleveland County Courthouse steps. Guest speakers included Martin CJ Mongiello, as Colonel Hambright, Dan Woodruff, as Colonel Cleveland, Pastor Williams of Grover, NC, Mic Scoggins, Author of two books on black heroes and Marjorie Senn, from the Colonel Benjamin Cleveland Chapter of the DAR in Shelby, NC. Marjorie is remembered with the Pencil Skyscrapers planted in the back garden of The Inn of the Patriots for her help in publicizing this event and bringing it together. Shirley Brutko also attended from the Colonel Frederick Hambright chapter of the DAR with Mark Anthony from the SC Sons of the American Revolution.

Additional studies, possible exhumation of body, DNA testing and family court cases are in need of assistance.  You can assist the family and the ARWLHC by reading more research completed here, in a long and concise thread of accomplishment.

This is the first-ever professional painting completed in world history of him. The Titus family visit in early July of 2013 seeks to further reverse court orders and denial of VA pension claims with the help of the ARWLHC.

In August of 2013 it was stated the intention of the ARWLHC was also to attain an official VA marker for his grave. Here is a link to the historic event covered on ABC news for 2012. Here is a link to the 2015 Charlotte Walk of Fame Plaque dedication ceremony of Spring, 2015.

In the year of 2012, planning began by Osprey Men at Arms books of Cambridge, England to add to their famed line of internationally recognized books - and in 2013 such was laid down.  Patriot Militiaman in the American Revolution 1775-82 (Warrior) Paperback – issued June 23, 2015 by Ed Gilbert (Author), Catherine Gilbert (Author), Steve Noon (Illustrator) became the result with meetings at The Inn of the Patriots and ARWLHC in Grover, NC of October, 2013.  You will note the full size photo of Ishmael in the book and recognition of his war service being truthful and undeniable, any longer. Numerous battlefiled rosters and websites will legally re-add him to the roll.

In December of 2015, the DAR of Kings Mountain wrongfully ordered and paid for a metal plaque, NOT featuring Private Ishmael Titus, and the proof showcased in research, pensions of white officers and evidence from the Southern Revolutionary War Institute, based at the McCelvey Center, Culture & Heritage Museums. We have continued to donate to this chapter in Kings Mountain, though. This violation is viewed as a continued effort of innacurate historical fact-finding and incorrect plaques on monuments at the Kings Mountain National Military Park, as previously featured in his book, A Passell of Hate, by Colonel Joseph (Joe) Epley (Tryon, NC, Retired, USA).  There are soldiers that Colonel Epley proved, on plaques, who were not at the battle - and soldiers NOT on the plaques, that really were there. Additionally, the DAR chapter involved a Brigadier General and the National Park Service in this behavior. Despite the most recent visit of a four-star General in the Army here and corrective assistance offered, the black family and living descendants of the family organization decided not to pursue correcting this unjust action. Please see additional newspapers on Ishmael, below.

newspaper newspaper newspaper newspaper newspaper newspaper newspaper

Colonel Andrew Hampton


Colonel Andrew Hampton. Release celebration in Rutherford County was on June 19, 2013 at 5:30 pm in front of the Town Comissioners and public gathering/meeting.

First professional painting completed in world history.

The Original Draft News Release on the history making unveiling: 

Portrait of Revolutionary War Leader To Be Unveiled in Rutherfordton

A portrait of Colonel Andrew Hampton, commander of the Rutherford County Liberty Men during the defense of Charleston and in the battle of Kings Mountain will be unveiled at 5:30 p.m. Wednesday, June 19, during the Rutherfordton Town Council meeting. A special invitation is extended to all living descendents of the Revolutionary War hero to attend and participate in the unveiling ceremony.

Chivous Bradley, a Rutherford County historian, coordinated the presentation by The American Revolutionary War Living History Center (ARWLHC).  The portrait will remain on display at the town hall for several weeks. “This is a long past-due honor for one of the great pioneers and heroes of our community,” Bradley said.

The ceremony will include Martin Mongiello of Grover, N.C. and one of the ARWLHC founders, who commissioned a series of portraits of the heroes of Kings Mountain and region.  He selected Rutherfordton as the site for the public unveiling because of Joe Epley's idea and that Hampton lived only a few miles west of the town, his family played a major role in the early development of the county and many of Hampton’s descendents still live in the area.

Other portraits from Kings Mountain on display at Mongiello’s Inn of the Patriots in Grover, N.C., include Colonels Fredrick Hambright and Benjamin Cleveland, and Ishmael Titus, a free African-American who fought with the patriots.

Many of the heroes of the backcountry militia leaders were simple men who never sat for an artist and of whom no graphic likeness exists today. Andrew Hampton was one of those heroes that history has almost forgotten, but by analyzing dozens of photographs of one’s descendents and comparing common facial features, a reasonable facsimile of what he must have looked like can occur.

Hampton’s descendents from Rutherford and Polk counties and as far away as Texas and Arkansas contributed old photographs, some dating back to the mid 1800s, for use.

Andrew Hampton settled on Mountain Creek in what was then called Tryon County in 1770 and was a captain in the frontier militia. The father of 15 children, he was a prosperous farmer and miller. In 1775, he was one of the signers of the Tryon Resolves which declared the area’s support against British tyranny and resigned his Royal commission. Hampton was a Major in the Griffin Rutherford 1776 expedition against the Cherokee. When Rutherford County was created in 1779, was promoted to Colonel and given command of the new county’s militia.

At the battle of Kings Mountain he was 67 years old. Two months later, at the Battle of Blackstock plantation near Spartanburg, he led the Rutherford riflemen as they inflicted heavy causalities upon Banastre’s Tarleton’s legion.

Hampton resigned his military commission in 1781 and served three years as sheriff of Rutherford County. He died in 1803.

Photos from the event can be viewed here at shutterfly taken by Joe Epley.  News coverage on the front page of the Daily Courier was robust. You can read more in the book covering his life, A Passel of Hate by Joe Epley.

Captain Redhead


Our painting and research launch was started in late 2012 and early 2013. ARWLHC members were asked to vote and provide input at our official Facebook site.

As of June through 2013 the ARWLHC membership of over 6,000 people was trending towards having a local American Indian painted.  In September, 2013, unbeknowst to the ARWLHC a new Catawba resort was announced for 320 million dollars, with a 1500 room hotel - three miles away from our current HQ.  

At the Kings Mountain Official Chamber of Commerce Advisory Committee meeting in December, 2013 held at The Inn of the Patriots, it was announced that Captain Redhead of the Catawba Nation would be painted soon.  In late 2014, the noted painter Jeff Trexler, was commissioned via contract to paint Captain Redhead.

In December of 2013, Martin CJ Mongiello - of the ARWLHC, had traveled to meet with the caring chiefs of the Catawba Nation, around their Executive Board Table, and was allowed to hold the Indian Talking Stick - an honorable moment in history and time.

In February of 2014, assistance was offered by the peoples of the Catawba Nation to research Captain Redhead - to the ARWLHC.

In March of 2015 research work continued based on Catawba holdings, the book "Allies in the Revolution," "The Catawba Project," conducted by the
Research Laboratories of Archaeology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a 1772 drawing of Captain Redhead featured in such.

Jeff Trexler delivered his painting for framing in late 2015 and it was unveiled at the Schafer Gallery of Southern Revolutionary War Heroes. We were joined by the Cleveland County Chamber of Commerce for a "Business After Hours" event featuring wine and heavy canapes. The Catawba have been certified by the federal government as a recognized nation and that their real lands are in NC and SC. 

This was forecast earlier here at the ARWLHC History page.  The partial, Facebook, histogram for that event is here

Blackpowder Expert Mary Patton

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"The painting (above) is the spitting image of a younger Mary Amney Patton (below), right out of the family history book," Orlando Herrera, American History Expert.

Mary Amney Patton (left)

Our next project hero, Mary Patton, was researched from 2008 to 2018. A ten-year investigation, she was delivered in 2018 as Mary Patton, Blackpowder Expert, by the highly-noted master artist, Jeff Trexler. As we now approach 9,000 members, award-winning author Joe Epley has provided a rough sketch of ideas moving into 2025. Theresa McKeehan Phelps of Tennessee (where Mary lived and moved to from Pennsylvania) was highly instrumental in providing dozens of photographs for forensic examination.


"The Watauga settlers, where Mary lived, were the first men and women of primarily Scot-Irish ancestry and genuine American birth to establish a free and independent community in American history," Martin CJ Mongiello, Executive Director Emeritus of the American Revolutionary War Living History Center.

Research Link #1:

Please offer additional links that you suggest on our FB page, and we will select some for here.

Research link #2:


William Milton Patton (left bottom) and Sarah Ann Patton (right)

We have also been informed by a DAR friend, Claudia Reeder Langley, there may or may not be enough evidence to prove Mary beyond LORE that she is eligible for DAR membership. This is our uphill battle of digging around in the darkness to provide these paintings to the public at no cost. But, we do have this official House of Representatives Congressional Record on Mary Patton.


Part of the genealogy and family history line for Theresa McKeehan Phelps of Tennessee (where Mary lived and moved to from Pennsylvania) was highly instrumental in providing proofs and dozens of photographs for forensic examination.

Patton earned her place in history by providing over five hundred pounds of gunpowder to the 850 Overmountain Men led by Isaac Shelby and William Campbell for the battle of Kings Mountain during the Revolutionary War. Essential to the victory over Major Patrick Ferguson's British troops was Patton's gunpowder.

-Johnson City, Tenn., Press-Chronicle, Friday Morning, July 3, 1964, page 16

Although accused of creating terror as a psycho - across America, by making gunpowder for bombs, cannons, rifles, and muskets, we know today she was actually a SHERO.

From CFO, Martin Mongiello: As part of my three-pronged program effort in my practicum, I have almost finished my research and reports.

WRITE AND PUBLISH A BOOK BETWEEN JANUARY AND MAY, 2019: As part of my practicum at Lenoir Rhyne University I submitted a book I published of 78 pages on Mary Patton, the local Colonial Shero this was completed and is 80 pages long with six pages of references.  

SHOOT AND CREATE A SHORT FILM: This accompanying video also joins with a new tour and open program available to museums called, "Women in War." It is shared with several museums and venues in the 150-mile region surrounding Charlotte, NC. These have included speeches, demonstrations, and talks for the DAR, SAR, USNA, Sycamore Shoals State Park, TN, Mountain Harvest Kitchen in Unicoi, TN, the Kings Mountain Museum, Civitans, Rotary, Lions Club, and school systems across the USA. 

DEVELOP A WOMEN IN WAR TOUR AND INFO GUIDE WITH POSTERS, STICKERS, POSTCARDS AND MORE: Coming soon as part of my final report once my hands on practicum is over.

Martin CJ Mongiello, MBA, MCFE, CHM, CPFM
April 9, 2019

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  • Joshua Morgan Patton.jpg
  • Mary Amney Patton.jpg
  • Samuel English Patton grandson of Mary patton.jpg
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  • Susan Jane Patton and Hattie Rachael patton.jpg
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The Public Advertiser in London of 1772

Mentions of Patton's and Mary in the newspapers across time are here. Optical character scanning of newspapers going back to the 1500's have been slow, expensive, and tedious to debunk, review and interpret from other languages. All funding for research and painting commissions 100% provided by the Scots-Irish, DNA analyzed members, Martin CJ, and Stormy LeAnn Mongiello.

Heroine Susan Twitty of Grover, NC - a colonial, brave, girl

Susannah “Susan” Twitty Miller (Photo by Chris Streck)

While all eyes were on the 2017 release of Wonder Woman, the movie, we've known that we had our heroine right here in Grover for a long time! Although no one has ever seen her... Moving into 2021 we hope to rebuild Susannah forensically. "Susan," is the daughter of William and Susannah Twitty (Susannah “Susan” Beller Twitty Graham) and was born on July 3, 1763, as a famous Scotch-Irish American child to be. Her father died working with Daniel Boone near the Kentucky River in March of 1775 when Susan was just 12. Her brothers and sisters were William, Allen, Russell, Mary, Arabella, Bellariah, and Charlotte. It would be William that she ordered to teach her to ride bareback on any swift horse as fast as it could unleash. And how she would learn to fire his Deckard style rifle (McCorkle, 1921), reload, and repair the often tricky flints during battle. Today, more people know the name of Twitty worldwide for the American born Twitty, Conway Twitty, with 55 number one songs, 100 significant awards, and 50+ million albums sold. You may think you have never heard of this family name in your entire life, but you know more about it than you were willing to admit ten seconds ago. The name is quite catchy to have picked it up in American history as Conway was born as Harold Lloyd Jenkins.

Later, Susan's mom married Colonel William Graham, the son of Archibald Graham of Scotland (Hunter, 2009), who was a delegate to the Provincial Congress. Cohn (2012) states that Colonel Graham fought at Moore's Creek Bridge, in 1776, for our Outlander television series fans on the Eastern side of our state, near Wilmington. He also competed in the Snow Campaign and went to Charleston to attack General Sir Henry Clinton, KB, MP and  General Sir Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis KG, PC, The Earl, and later Governor-General of India. Colonel Graham adopted Susannah Twitty's children and the legal papers were signed by Frederick Hambright.

Her step-father and brother William would ride off to battle at King's Mountain on October 6th, once they received the call. After all, Carolina men would outnumber over-the-mountain men two-to-one the day of the fight. Our local families were very angered. Susan's mom almost died giving birth to the only child of her and her new husband, Colonel Graham, so he was forced to attend to her in an emergency action just before the battle. At this time, as the leader of the South Fork Boys, he discussed Colonel Hambright (#2 in charge) being the eyes of the entire militia gathered from several colonies (states), and whether or not he would feel denigrated if Major Chronicle (#3 in charge) helped him. Colonel Frederick Hambright led the entire patriot army through Hambright Gap, including Colonel Campbell and all of the militia units to the place where the British forces were at King's Mountain. He agreed with Colonel Graham that Major Chronicle should take over and lead the South Fork Boys as the actual spot was his private hunting grounds well known to him. When Chronicle was killed early on, Colonel Hambright immediately took control, and the Graham unit took the most casualties on the day of the battle on the steepest and toughest slope. In some writings and oral reports, Colonel Graham left his wife after the baby was born (Sarah) safely in the care of his step-daughter Susan Twitty and he was able to take part at the end of the battle. Her brother William Twitty fought in the entire fight. 

Step-daughter Susan later married John Miller, whose parents were David Miller and Mary Kerr. The Kerr family name is quite famous across the world for their glass jars that we use for canning. The name of Miller was typically from one who ran a mill. Cohn (2012) states that the family came from Ireland in 1764 and that John Miller and Susan had worked on a farm home together when they were younger, in building it. A question in the DAR Magazine, issue number 25, (Queries, 1904) can now finally be answered.

You may have seen our silver NC state marker erected in 1967 after a play was put on by The Susan Twitty Society chapter of the Children of the American Revolution. The name of the script and play is, Susan Twitty, Defender of Graham's Fort. We are looking for a copy of it or any originals if you come across one.  Also, Shelby Star newspaper articles on the monument and play commemoration from 1967 would help. Their records show the chapter was established in 1939 and disbanded in 1983 and that they were instrumental in attaining the sign to be designed and erected at which has an NC State Associated Information Block of: 

"During the Revolutionary War, Colonel William Graham lived in a large log-hewn home that was fortified at least to the extent that it was among the safest places to which local people could retreat from enemies. His home was of the type of fort that was scattered about the frontier, offering protection to the pioneers. Graham’s Fort, as it has come to be known, provided shelter from Tory marauders in September 1780. Graham, David Dickey, and Graham’s step-son William Twitty were the only men therein prepared to fight off the attackers. Surviving accounts of the incident vary in details, but there were about two dozen Tories firing shots and demanding the surrender of the fort. At one point, according to the stories, a Tory named John Burke approached the structure, placed the muzzle of his gun into a crack and discharged the weapon. Seeing this, William Twitty’s seventeen-year-old sister Susan is said to have pushed her brother down to save him from the bullet. Susan then encouraged William to immediately return the volley out of the aperture as Burke reloaded. Burke was shot through the head. Next, according to legend, Susan Twitty unbolted the door and ran out to retrieve Burke’s gun and ammunition for the use of the men in the fort. With Burke dead and others wounded, the Tories withdrew. Colonel William Graham was born in Virginia in 1742, the son of a Scottish immigrant. He moved to North Carolina prior to the Revolution, settling in Tryon County."

Tucker (2015) mentions that refusing to give up a fort is a long-standing source of pride to boast about from the 1688-89 siege at Derry.

State Historical Marker originally was not in Grover, NC: Childers mentions (2006) "In 1967, the N. C. Department of Archives and History and state highway commission erected a historical marker at what was then thought to be the site of Graham's Fort-off Highway 150 near Sharon Methodist Church, west of Shelby. In 1972, an article appeared in The Shelby Daily Star by Miss Elizabeth Simpson (now Mrs. Ed Smith) which presented evidence the marker was in the wrong spot. John Phifer of Shelby has done extensive research on the Graham family. His mother, the late Florence Graham Phifer, was the great-great-granddaughter of Arthur Graham, the colonel's brother. Phifer at that time began his investigation into the matter. The state subsequently moved the Graham's Fort marker to its present location-off Highway 226 between Shelby and Grover. Draper (1881) placed the site of the fort on Buffalo Creek as did a map in the McCorkle (1921) book. At the State Department of Archives and History, Phifer located land grants to Archibald Graham and Arthur Graham which established the fact that Colonel William Graham owned land adjoining theirs in Lincoln (now Cleveland) County. Another document revealed that the colonel had lands on the First Broad River. Confusion over the fort's location resulted from the fact that the colonel and his wife are buried in a private cemetery near the First Broad in the vicinity of Sharon Methodist Church. His father Archibald and brother Arthur, among others, are buried near Buffalo Creek. The colonel and his wife settled on the plantation land around the First Broad after he retired. Their tombstones read: "Col. William Graham: a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Died March 1835 Aged 90 Years," and "Susan Graham, wife of Col. W. Graham, Died in 1825. Aged 74 Years." Griffin states that Rutherford County court of pleas and quarter session minutes show the colonel died May 3, 1834. The tombstone, he wrote, was erected many years after Graham's death by a relative. The death had been reported to the court at the September 1835 term and the May 3 date was "probably more correct than either of the references quoted or on the headstone."

Susan Twitty's grave is here, and you can leave flowers on it, electronically, for free. Please do that and say something nice as you may also select from several kinds of flowers: According to Childers (2006) "She is buried in a family cemetery in the Cleghorn section of Rutherford County. Her son was William. J. T. Miller who represented Rutherford County in the General Assembly 1836-1840 and later Cleveland County. Susan's son was a backer of legislation to create the new county of Cleveland!

Photo by Chris Streck


Alsop, J. (2009). Narratives of Class, Gender and Medicine in the American South: The Dr. Annie Alexander Story. Literature and Medicine I: Women in the Medical Profession, 8.

Childers, Mosby. (2006). William Graham. Miles, Shute & Kouns. Cox, Hobbs, Spencer, Shoemaker and more. Retrieved from 

Clark, Walter, ed. (1907) State Records of North Carolina, XXII. Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Cohn, S. (2012). More than petticoats: remarkable North Carolina women. Rowman & Littlefield.

Draper, L. C. (1881). King's Mountain and Its Heroes: History of the Battle of King's Mountain, October 7th, 1780, and the Events which Led to it. PG Thomson.

Gregory, B. R. H. (2016). Commemorating Queen Charlotte: Race, gender, and the politics of memory, 1750 to 2014(Doctoral dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte).

Griffin, Clarence W. (1937) History of Old Tryon and Rutherford Counties, North Carolina, 1730-1936.

Hesseltine, W. B. (1955). King's Mountain and Its Heroes: History of the Battle of King's Mountain, October 7th, 1780, and the Events Which Led to it.

Hunter, C. L. (2009). Sketches of Western North Carolina. Heritage Books.

Lewis, W. T. (2016). Genealogy Of The Lewis Family In America, From The Middle of The Seventeenth Century Down To The Present Time. Read Books Ltd.

McCorkle, L. A. (1921). Old time stories of the old north state. DC Heath & Company.

McCormick, J. G. (1900). Personnel of the Convention of 1861(No. 1). University Press.

Queries. (1904). Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, 25.

Tucker, P. T. (2015). How the Irish Won the American Revolution: A New Look at the Forgotten Heroes of America s War of Independence. Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

Walther, M. E. (2011). Learning to ask: Philanthropic struggles and rewards of women forging the path toward transformation 1865–1920. The University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

Location of the silver state marker: NC 226 at Buffalo Creek bridge northwest of Grover
County: Cleveland

Original Date of the Marker and Sign: 1967

Sally New River painting announced

Coming soon, a major press release will be issued on the Catawba Nation Shero, Sally New River.

Research and Feasibility Studies